Knowledge is power.
The good die first.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Hitch your wagon to a star.
Time is money.
The child is father of the man.
The Almighty has his own purposes.
A thing of beauty is a joy forever
To err is human, to forgive divine.
God helps them that help themselves.
A little learning is a dangerous thing.
He that goes a borrowing goes a sorrowing.
There never was a good war or a bad peace.
For fools rush in where angels fear to tread.
Never leave that till to-morrow which you can do to-day.
Early to bed and early to rise, Makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.
Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.
Oh, East is East and West is West, and never the twain shall meet, Till Earth and Sky stand presently at God’s great Judgment Seat.
You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time.
Davanti alle grandi catastrofi naturali, si resta ovviamente senza parole. Purtroppo a volte invece di parole se ne usano troppe. Nel tentativo di spiegare fenomeni in gran parte inspiegabili, o inevitabili, si cercano di trovare spiegazioni e si finisce per dire cosa che non sono vere per niente. Ecco le dieci cose da sapere sui terremoti e gli tsunami.
LA MAGNITUDO DEL SISMA – In molti hanno riferito nelle fasi iniziali del terremoto che il sisma aveva raggiunto il livello 6 della scala di rilevazione. Il problema è che quella rilevazione (di grado 6) è stata fatta sulla vecchia scala Mercalli, oggi MSK, che ha un sistema differente di misurazione delle scosse rispetto alla scala Richter, quella più usata. E’ anche vero che le due scale hanno modo di impiego diverso. La scala MSK o Mercalli assegna una intensità indicata in cifre romane che corrisponde al modo in cui un sisma è stato avvertito in un posto. Ad esempio il valore V significa che la scossa è in grado di risvegliare le persone che dormono. La scala IX significa distruzione degli edifici. Dunque un sisma come quello giapponese, che ha raggiunto il valore di 8.8 sulla scala Richter, era di valore VI sulla scala MSK/Mercalli. Da cui l’errore riportato da alcuni media.
PREVEDERE I TERREMOTI – Qualcuno ha detto che la conoscenza geologica e quella dei movimenti delle placche tettoniche, così come la mappatura dei precedenti terremoti, permette di prevederne di nuovi. Si è anche detto che aree dove un terremoto non è avvenuto per un lungo periodo di tempo, sono le più candidate a una nuova scossa di terremoto. Falso. Per i terremoti è impossibile fare previsioni a breve termine, fosse anche di giorni, per non parlare di ore. Non esiste nessuno studio così avanzato in grado di dire che un terremoto è imminente e dare, ad esempio l’ordine di evacuazione alla popolazione.
CENTRALI NUCLEARI – Si è detto che quando è stata costruita la centrale nucleare di Fukushima non si poteva sapere che la zona era a rischio terremoti. E’ falso. Quella zona era nota da decenni per i suoi frequenti terremoti. Nel 1923 ci fu un terremoto che distrusse gran parte di Tokyo che arrivò a colpire anche le zone a pochi chilometri da quella di Fukushima.
E’ STATO IL TERREMOTO PIU’ DEVASTANTE DI SEMPRE – In realtà, dall’inizio del Ventesimo secolo, quello che ha colpito il Giappone l’11 marzo è quinto nella classifica dei terremoti più violenti. Ad esempio, quello che ha colpito Sumatra nel 2004 è stato di magnitudo 9.1. Il più violento è stato quello del 22 maggio 1960 in Cile, 9.5 gradi. A seguire quello del 28 marzo 1964 in Alaska (9.2), quindi quello citato di Sumatra; e poi il terremoto del 4 novembre 1952 in Kamchatka (9.0). Si calcola infine che dall’inizio del Quaternario ad oggi ci siano stati almeno 80mila terremoti dell’intensità di quello del Giappone.
UN TERREMOTO COSI’ POTENTE NON POTEVA SUCCEDERE IN GIAPPONE – In realtà le conoscenze geologiche e quelle relative allo studio dei terremoti nel paese asiatico dimostrano il contrario. Per avere un terremoto di questa portata infatti ci vogliono alcuni fatti specifici. Ad esempio la velocità di convergenza tra due piastre tettoniche. Nel caso del terremoto in Cile del 1960, questa velocità fu di 8 centimetri all’anno. Nella metà settentrionale del Giappone, dove c’è stato il cataclisma dell’11 marzo, la convergenza delle piastre tettoniche è appunto di 8 centimetri all’anno. Per diversi secoli poi non c’erano stati terremoti in questa zona. Certo, come detto prima, non era possibile prevedere il momento esatto del terremoto ma si poteva evitare di costruire centrali nucleari.
Great stories succeed because they are able to capture the imagination of large or important audiences. A great story is true. Not necessarily because it’s factual, but because it’s consistent and authentic. Consumers are too good at sniffing out inconsistencies for a marketer to get away with a story that’s just slapped on. Great stories make a promise. They promise fun, safety or a shortcut. The promise needs to be bold and audacious. It’s either exceptional or it’s not worth listening to. Great stories are trusted. Trust is the scarcest resource we’ve got left. No one trusts anyone. People don’t trust the beautiful women ordering vodka at the corner bar (they’re getting paid by the liquor company). People don’t trust the spokespeople on commercials (who exactly is Rula Lenska?). And they certainly don’t trust the companies that make pharmaceuticals (Vioxx, apparently, can kill you). As a result, no marketer succeeds in telling a story unless he has earned the credibility to tell that story. Great stories are subtle. Surprisingly, the fewer details a marketer spells out, the more powerful the story becomes. Talented marketers understand that allowing people to draw their own conclusions is far more effective than announcing the punch line. Great stories happen fast. First impressions are far more powerful than we give them credit for. Great stories don’t always need eight-page color brochures or a face-to-face meeting. Either you are ready to listen or you aren’t. Great stories don’t appeal to logic, but they often appeal to our senses. Pheromones aren’t a myth. People decide if they like someone after just a sniff. Great stories are rarely aimed at everyone. Average people are good at ignoring you. Average people have too many different points of view about life and average people are by and large satisfied. If you need to water down your story to appeal to everyone, it will appeal to no one. The most effective stories match the world view of a tiny audience—and then that tiny audience spreads the story. Great stories don’t contradict themselves. If your restaurant is in the right location but had the wrong menu, you lose. If your art gallery carries the right artists but your staff is made up of rejects from a used car lot, you lose. Consumers are clever and they’ll see through your deceit at once. Most of all, great stories agree with our world view. The best stories don’t teach people anything new. Instead, the best stories agree with what the audience already believes and makes the members of the audience feel smart and secure when reminded how right they were in the first place.
1) Most everyone who simply ‘ducks and covers’ when building collapse are crushed to death. People who get under objects, like desks or cars, are crushed.
2) Cats, dogs and babies often naturally curl up in the fetal position. You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival instinct. You can survive in a smaller void. Get next to an object, next to a sofa, next to a bed, next to a large bulky object that will compress slightly but leave a void next to it.
3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are created. Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing weight. Brick buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will cause many injuries but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs.
4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed. Hotels can achieve a much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply by posting a sign on the back of the door of every room telling occupants to lie down on the floor, next to the bottom of the bed during an earthquake.
5) If an earthquake happens and you cannot easily escape by getting out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position next to a sofa, or large chair.
6) Most everyone who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is killed. How? If you stand under a doorway and the doorjamb falls forward or backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam falls sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you will be killed!
7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different ‘moment of frequency’ (they swing separately from the main part of the building). The stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each other until structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on stairs before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads – horribly mutilated. Even if the building doesn’t collapse, stay away from the stairs. The stairs are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the stairs are not collapsed by the earthquake, they may collapse later when overloaded by fleeing people. They should always be checked for safety, even when the rest of the building is not damaged.
8) Get near the outer walls of buildings or outside of them if possible – It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of the building the greater the probability that your escape route will be blocked.
9) People inside of their vehicles are crushed when the road above falls in an earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly what happened with the slabs between the decks of the Nimitz Freeway. The victims of the San Francisco earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They were all killed. They could have easily survived by getting out and sitting or lying next to their vehicles. Everyone killed would have survived if they had been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next to them. All the crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for the cars that had columns fall directly across them.
10) I discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices and other offices with a lot of paper, that paper does not compact. Large voids are found surrounding stacks of paper.
Spread the word and save someone’s life…
The entire world is experiencing natural calamities so be prepared!
‘We are but angels with one wing, it takes two to fly’
In 1996 we made a film, which proved my survival methodology to be correct. The Turkish Federal Government, City of Istanbul, University of Istanbul Case Productions and ARTI cooperated to film this practical, scientific test. We collapsed a school and a home with 20 mannequins inside. Ten mannequins did ‘duck and cover,’ and ten mannequins I used in my ‘triangle of life’ survival method. After the simulated earthquake collapse we crawled through the rubble and entered the building to film and document the results. The film, in which I practiced my survival techniques under directly observable, scientific conditions , relevant to building collapse, showed there would have been zero percent survival for those doing duck and cover.
There would likely have been 100 percent survivability for people using my method of the ‘triangle of life.’ This film has been seen by millions of viewers on television in Turkey and the rest of Europe, and it was seen in the USA , Canada and Latin America on the TV program Real TV.
Weird, Interesting and Fun Facts
- There was no punctuation until the 15th century.
- The word taxi is spelled the same in English, German, French, Swedish, Spanish and Portuguese.
- The word ‘News’ is actually an acronym standing for the 4 cardinal compass points – North, East, West, and South!
- There are more telephones than people in Washington, D.C.
- The weight of air in a milk glass is about the same as the weight of one aspirin tablet.
- The number of births that occur in India each year is higher than the entire population of Australia.
- The New York Stock Exchange started as a coffee shop.
- On average, 100 people choke to death on ballpoint pens every year.
- New York’s Central Park is nearly twice the size of the entire country of Monaco.
- It’s estimated that millions of trees are accidentally planted by squirrels who bury nuts and then forget where they hid them.
- It takes 492 seconds for sunlight to reach the Earth.
- In many countries, urine was used as a detergent for washing.
- Each day, more than $40 Trillion Dollars changes hands worldwide.
- By raising your legs slowly and laying on your back, you can’t sink in quicksand.
- Blue eyes are the most sensitive to light, dark brown the least sensitive.
- The can opener was invented 48 years after the can.
- Tablecloths were originally meant to be served as towels with which dinner guests could wipe their hands and faces after eating.
- Pageant Models often smear Vaseline on their teeth so their lips won’t stick when smiling.
- One punishment for an adulterous wife in medieval France was to make her chase a chicken through town naked.
- It is now possible to print human skin with an inkjet printer.
- In Albania, nodding your head means ‘no’ and shaking your head means ‘yes’.
- A lot of lovemaking can unblock a stuffy nose. Sex is a natural antihistamine.
- In Venezuela, fuel costs around $0.02.
- The volume of the Earth’s moon is close to the amount of the Pacific Ocean.
- If you went out into space, you would explode before you suffocated because there’s no air pressure.
- Having sex can reduce a fever because of the sweat produced.
- An elephant can die from a broken heart.
- The song “3” by Britney Spears is 3 minutes 33 seconds long.
- A DAY is longer than a YEAR on Venus.
- Homosexuality was listed as a mental illness with the American Psychiatric Association (APA) until 1973.
- A fly that appears to have drowned can be revived with the use of everyday table SALT!